Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon — after was a translator and physician. Born in Granada , he left Spain in , probably on account of persecution by the Almohades , and went to Lunel in southern France. Benjamin of Tudela mentions him as a physician there in He died around , in Marseille, France. Judah lived on terms of intimacy with Meshullam ben Jacob and with Meshullam's two sons, Asher and Aaron, whom in his will he recommends as friends to his only son, Samuel. He had two daughters whose marriage caused him much anxiety.

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Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon , born , Granada , Spain—died c. Persecution of the Jews forced Judah to flee Granada in , and he settled in Lunel, in southern France , where he practiced medicine, according to an account in by a contemporary traveller, Benjamin of Tudela. In his Hebrew versions, which became standard, Judah made accessible various classic philosophic works by Arabic-speaking Jews who had frequently utilized the concepts of both Muslim and Greek philosophers.

In addition he often coined Hebrew terms to accommodate the ideas of the authors he was translating. Among his outstanding renditions from Arabic into Hebrew are the following:. It is a Jewish philosophical classic discussing the relationship between reason and divine revelation. Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.

Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Among his outstanding renditions from Arabic into Hebrew are the following: 1. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. His unique qualities became especially apparent in….

Bahya ben Joseph ibn Pakuda , dayyan— i. In a rather inaccurate 12th-century translation into Hebrew by…. See Afro-Asiatic languages. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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The Ibn Tibbon family: Masters of Hebrew translation

Samuel Ibn Tibbon c. In addition to his work as translator, Ibn Tibbon was an original author in his own right. He is rightfully considered the founder of Maimonideanism, a philosophical-exegetical movement in medieval Judaism. During the period — in particular—from the Almohad persecutions in Islamic Spain to the expulsion of the Jews from France—much of the classical tradition, as translated into Arabic and developed in the Islamic world, was made available in Hebrew.


Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon

Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon , born c. From his father, Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon , Samuel received a thorough grounding in medicine, Jewish law and lore, and Arabic. Like his father, Samuel earned his living as a physician; he also travelled extensively in France , Spain, and Egypt. After corresponding with Maimonides to elucidate difficult passages in the Guide, in about Samuel published his translation.

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