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The study was conducted on the sample of 37 elementary school students, of both genders, aged 8—19, and diagnosed with cerebral palsy. The developmental level of artistic expression was determined on the basis of the stages determined as the criteria for human figure drawings.
These findings indicate that children with cerebral palsy go through different developmental stages of artistic expression more slowly than typically developing children, which may be a consequence of primary disability, experiential factors, and specific development of these children. Save to Library. The aim of this paper is to allocate studies dealing with the identification of predictors and the definition of the importance, nature and extent of social participation of children with cerebral palsy in the school environment.
A review A review of literature dealing with the subject will be carried out and the knowledge of the field systematized. The selected studies will be analyzed and the predictors and determinants of participation defined. Based on the analysis guidelines for the upgrade of social participation of children with cerebral palsy will be outlined and suggestions for the implementation of this knowledge in the practical work in inclusive terms given.
The results suggest that there is a complex relation between disability, participation and school environment and that the predictors cannot be viewed as isolated entities but only as combined models of the interactive physical and cognitive-behavioral variables. The key steps in the professional intervention comprise the development of strategies that will enable children with cerebral palsy to take full advantage of the opportunities provided by daily school activities in terms of active social inclusion.
For more than three decades, assisted reproductive techniques ART have been used as effective treatments to overcome infertility. Since then, numerous studies have been focused on different aspects of long-term health and development of Since then, numerous studies have been focused on different aspects of long-term health and development of children born after assisted conception. The aim of this paper is to summarize new data on multiple pregnancy and preterm delivery as one of the risk factors which might increase the risk of developing cerebral palsy CP in children born after assisted conception.
A comprehensive search of eight databases retrieved papers, 10 of which met inclusion criteria and were relevant for this review. Despite the dissimilarities in methodological and analytic approaches in the selected studies, in vitro fertilization IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection ICSI are generally considered safe, still there is an ongoing discussion whether multiple pregnancy and preterm delivery increase or do not increase the risk of CP in children born after assisted conception.
Risk factors and early development of children born with an assisted fertilization. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic literature review of the researches conducted in the area of risk factors and difficulties in the early development of children born after assisted conception, to systematize current knowledge in this field and allocate the factors of importance for the early intervention.
In order to evaluate the published data on risk factors and early development of children born after assisted conception, an extensive literature search was conducted to identify the published papers related to the obstetric and neonatal outcome of pregnancies after assisted reproduction technology, the incidence of multiple pregnancy and the risk of preterm delivery, the neonatal status, the mean gestational age, the average birth weight, the neuro-developmental outcomes and early cognitive and motor development.
Veselin Medenica. Marija Cakikj. Pupils with physical disabilities in an inclusive physical education. Introduction Teaching physical education in inclusive terms raises a number of challenges that, among others, include the adaptability and availability of resources and equipment, the dynamics and organization of class, as well as the Introduction Teaching physical education in inclusive terms raises a number of challenges that, among others, include the adaptability and availability of resources and equipment, the dynamics and organization of class, as well as the very nature of physical activity.
Th e aim of this paper is to systematize the knowledge about participation of pupils with physical disabilities in regular physical education classes by reviewing of scientifi c and professional literature. Method Th e available literature search was limited to peer-reviewed articles published in English or Serbian in scholarly journals from to A total of 34 studies was collected and reviewed, of which 11 have provided answers with their results to the research questions on the involvement and infl uence of inclusive physical education classes on pupils with physical disabilities and their typically developed peers.
Results and discussion Accessibility of physical resources facilities, equipment , type of physical activity, and individual functional abilities of pupils with physical disabilities, including behavioral diffi culties are identifi ed as the key factors.
Moreover, problems of peer victimization, and emphasized negative peer perceptions of skills and capabilities of children with motor disorders, are found. Participation level is determined by location of physical education classes, and prerequisites that certain areas of physical activities, by their nature, are imposing, and this level is higher in individual than in team sports.
As important aspects of inclusive education, pupils with physical disabilities pointed to opportunities for achieving of friendships, gaining of knowledge and experiences within a social context, improving of functional status and self-confi dence, sense of solidarity and belonging to a group, in addition to satisfaction with the inclusion itself. Positive changes in behavior and attitudes of pupils with typical development towards pupils with physical disabilities are noted fear overcoming, acceptance of diff erences, developing empathy, more understanding of the needs of others.
Conclusion Th e distinctive nature of the context and content of physical education classes strongly determine the extent to which pupils can participate in planned activities. Th e results are encouraging considering that, with adequate support services and respecting of their wishes and preferences, pupils with physical disabilities can be included in regular physical education.
Key words: inclusion, motor disorders, pupils with developmental disabilities, physical education. Revijalni pregled Analizom 15 izdvojenih studija sistematizovana su saznanja iz ove oblasti. The available literature review was conducted from the historical point of view.
Description of identified characteristics and factors of importance was provided in order to understand the nature and extent of their impact on moral development.
The knowledge in this field was systematized by the analysis of selected studies. Results of 15 researches here presented suggest that children and adolescents with intellectual disability do not progress through developmental stages with equal speed and same tempo as their peers without intellectual disability neither they reach higher stages of moral development.
Understanding of the complexity and diversity of the impact of allocated factors on moral development requires a broader focus than just their determination. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between the extent of challenging behaviors exhibited by children with cerebral palsy from the perspective of mothers and particular dimensions of home participation. Participants with cerebral palsy manifested more problematic behavior than those of typical development.
Differences were found in all examined dimensions of participation in activities in the home environment, with the exception of the frequency.
More challenging behavior reported by mothers was followed by lower both involvement level and parental satisfaction with the participation level, while environmental factors were seen as more hindering or as barriers to active participation. Family environment and everyday activities of family life should provide opportunities for children with cerebral palsy to become more actively included and to develop their social skills and competences.
A total of parents of children and youth aged from eight to 18 years were included. The first group consisted of 47 parents of children and youth with CP, mean age of Control group consisted of 65 parents of children and youth of typical development, mean age of There were no statistical significances between these groups according to both gender and age of children.
It is necessary to repeat the study on a larger sample, to include a wider range of socio-demographic factors, to examine psychometric properties, and possibilities of implementation in clinical practice. In this paper, the contemporary literature focused on quality of life of families with a child with disability was analyzed. The main research questions were: what theoretical models of family quality of life are represented in the The main research questions were: what theoretical models of family quality of life are represented in the literature, which are the key factors and dominant predictors of quality of life of families with a child with disabilities and which possibilities for enhancing and improving of the quality of life of these families are presented.
Systematization of the knowledge in this field was carried by the available literature review and the analysis of results presented in allocated studies. As a result of comprehensive search, a total of twelve studies published in the current and previous decade was presented. These studies provided answers to the research questions with their results. As the basic factors of quality of life of families with a child with disability were allocated: level of disability of child and intensity of behavioral problems manifestations, financial situation of the family, family relations, health status of all members, practical help from extended family members and friends, followed by the adequacy of services and their partnerships with family.
The quality of family life exceeds the needs of a member with disabilities, and sums up the needs of all family members, as well as the strengths of the family functioning. In addition, family quality of life requires a partnership between families and professionals in setting of priorities and achieving their common goals.
It is necessary to promote an environment that supports and enhances the quality of life of the whole family when selecting and planning family centered professional support. Revijalnim pregledom dostupne literature i analizom rezultata prikazanih u izdvojenim studijama, sistematizovana su saznanja iz ove oblasti.
Socijalna participacija osoba sa invaliditetom. In this monograph we have analyzed the studies focused on the social participation of people with disabilities with a special emphasis on the people with cerebral palsy and people with multiple sclerosis. The aim was to define the relevant factors that are the facilitators or the barriers to social participation of people with disabilities. In the literature, studies that have dealt with social participation and functional abilities of people with disabilities and have been based on the definition of disability according to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, can be found.
However, most studies have relied on the traditional definition of disability, the disability seen through the symptoms of cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis and a limited selection of activities of daily living. Therefore, the studies which have been using the biopsychosocial approach in their research methodology and description of social participation have been analyzed. The basic assumption, that the quality of social participation of people with disabilities is below the level that can be achieved in accordance with their remaining abilities, has been confirmed.
ISSN The changes are an integral part of the life cycle of each family. However, families with children with disabilities are facing many challenges every day due to which everyday family dynamic is changing. Dimensions of the changes Dimensions of the changes affecting family life can be observed in different aspects of family life.
The aim of this study was to determine participation in the home environment of children with cerebral palsy and quality of life of their families, as well as to further examine the correlation between these two characteristics. Associations with certain personal, family and environmental factors were examined.
Correlation of participation in the home and family quality of life was confirmed in Family Interaction and Parenting indicating the importance that the existence of opportunities for active participation within the home environment has for promoting and fostering of communication and relationships between family members.
In accordance with the results presented, it can be concluded that the presence of cerebral palsy led to changes in certain dimensions of social participation. The consequences of these changes were visible in the degree to which parents express satisfaction with family quality of life.
The obtained results were discussed in relation to the findings of previous and current studies. Medical rehabilitation of people with disabilities, regardless of whether it is a congenital or acquired disability, must be followed by vocational rehabilitation and synchronization of all rehabilitative consequences is necessary. The objective of this paper is that, by examining the available literature, conduct review of research that are aimed to detect effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation and to define predictors of employment of people with disabilities.
The results suggest that the success of vocational rehabilitation is directly determined by a complex interaction between factors of injury, damage, injury, personal factors and environmental factors, which affect the results of returning to work. Also, one could conclude that it could be difficult to isolate the predictors of employment of people with disabilities and to define the difficulties with which this population is facing with during the employment or returning to work and that they could be generalized and completely related to each subgroup within the population of people with disabilities.
The aim of this paper is to systematize knowledge on the effects of hippotherapy on children and adults with motor disorders, with the special focus on children with cerebral palsy, by review of available literature and critical analysis of the results shown in selected studies.
As a result of the comprehensive search, a total of 44 studies were collected and examined, and 13 of them met the inclusion criteria, that is the hippotherapy as a form of treatment and people with motor disorders in the focus of research. The results indicate a positive impact of the hippotherapy program on functional abilities and on certain aspects of motor functioning of the research groups.
However, many limitations and shortcomings of selected studies have been noted therefore questioning the shown evaluation results.
For this reason, instead of making any final decision, it would be more important to explicate these issues in the further researches, mainly empirical, and to create a comprehensive illustration on the basis of new information which would make hippotherapy less controversial form of treatment than it is today.
Socijalna dimenzija rehabilitacije starih.
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