Nutritional status of indigenous children aged up to six years in the Embera-Katio Indian reserve in Tierralta, Cordoba, Colombia. Knowledge of the nutritional state of the children is an valuable indicator of the general state of development in an entire population. Materials and methods. The weight, height and cephalic perimeter was assessed for each of children under six years of age. Nutritional paramterers were surveyed in homes; fecal samples of children were examined for evidence of intestinal parasites. Prevalence of moderate and severe chronic malnutrition was found in
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Nutritional status of Naporuna children under five in the Amazon region of Ecuador. Palabras clave: Estado nutricional, lactantes, preescolar, indios sudamericanos, Ecuador. Household interviews were conducted in 30 communities chosen at random, and a questionnaire was used to record the following: the social and demographic characteristics and parity of mothers having children under five years of age, and the children's demographic and anthropometric characteristics, history of breastfeeding, and medical conditions suffered over the two-week period just prior to the survey.
Each child was also subjected to a physical examination. Anemia was diagnosed clinically by conjunctival exam. The statistical association among variables was determined by means of the chi-square test, with use of Yates' correction and Fisher's exact test two-tailed when there were 5 observations or less. Risk factors for chronic malnutrition and underweight were determined by means of logistic regression. Of these children, Chronic malnutrition was found in Moreover, 7. A total of 5 children 1.
Abdominal distension and pale conjunctiva on physical examination were predictive for underweight. More studies on the prevalence of parasitic infections and anemia and on the feeding practices and dietary habits of indigenous communities are needed in order to better understand their nutritional intake. A program for monitoring the diet of indigenous peoples is necessary and should be established. Sin embargo, no se han desarrollado programas nacionales eficaces que tomen en cuenta las particularidades culturales de esas comunidades.
Para consumo se utiliza el agua de lluvia o de esteros cercanos a los asentamientos. Una vez terminado el estudio, los promotores de salud informaron de los resultados a las comunidades. Los resultados de esta experiencia se discutieron y se realizaron los ajustes necesarios.
No se observaron diferencias por sexo. Nutritional status indicators: interpretation and policy making role. Food Policy. Nutritional surveillance. Geneva: World Health Organization; Fourth report on the world nutrition situation, Pan American Health Organization. Health in the Americas. Washington, D. Scientific Publication No. Larrea C, Freire W. Social inequality and child malnutrition in four Andean countries. Rev Panam Salud Publica.
Encuesta de condiciones de vida. Quito: INEC; The health status of rural schoolchildren in the Amazon basin of Ecuador. J Trop Pediatr. Cabodevilla MA. Pompeya, Ecuador: Cicame; Ecuador: su realidad.
Epidemiology of malaria in the Amazon basin of Ecuador. The utility of pallor detecting anemia in under five years old children. Ethiop Med J. Jelliffe DB. The assessment of the nutritional status of the community.
WHO Monograph Series, National Center for Health Statistics. WHO working group. Use and interpretation of anthropometric indicators of nutritional status. Bull World Health Organ. Mattos AP. Cad Saude Publica. Istria J, Gazin P. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. Control of intestinal helminths in schoolchildren in Low-Napo, Ecuador: impact of a two-year chemotherapy program. La lactancia materna en el Ecuador: y Rights violations in the Ecuadorian Amazon: the human consequences of oil development.
Health Human Rights. Geographical differences of cancer incidence in the Amazon basin of Ecuador in relation to residency near oil fields. Int J Epidemiol. Manuscrito recibido el 3 de julio de Rev Panam Salud Publica ;15 3 —9.
Canales y Medios para Atención a la Ciudadanía
Stunting in Mexico in the last quarter century: analysis of four national surveys. To describe the magnitude, distribution, and trends of undernutrition and overweight from to , and provide recommendations for their erradication. Materials and methods. Despite its significant reduction in the study period, stunting remains as a public health problem, with the highest prevalences in indigenous population, the rural south and the lowest living conditions quintile. Several policies and programs have demonstrated effectiveness, but implementation challenges persist among the poorest population, particularly in indigenous households. Measures for improving the effectiveness of the nutrition policies and programs, particularly among the indigenous and poorest population, are provided, which include adjusting current programs according to the results of evaluations, and the implementation of policies that address the social determinants of undernutrition.
Sesan no publica que desnutrición crónica en el país aumentó
Stunting, wasting, and mid upper arm circumference status among children admitted to Nemazee Teaching Hospital. Nemazee Teaching Hospital. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Shiraz, Iran.