Full Site. Physical Sciences. Subscribe to the newsletter. Ashwani Kumar. Trade name : Safed musli This is a genus of two hundred species and twelve are native to India. These are rhizomatous herbs and roots fascicled, often thick fleshy and tuber like.
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Common name:. Marathi: Kuli. Hindi: Safed-musli. English: Edible Chlorophytum. Chlorophytum tuberosum is a herb usually growing up to 20—50 cm tall. Its underground parts comprise a short rhizome, often surrounded by fibres, which bears swollen roots with dark tubers to up 7 cm long at their tips.
The shape of tubers is cylindrical, the thickness is average 0. The number of tubers varies from plant to plant and on an average tubers per plant are observed and slightly tapering towards lower side look like pestle. Due to its extensive use, it is naturally an endangered plant. The flowers are borne in a simple raceme with two flowers at each node. The flowers are large, white, showy and sweetly-scented and there is no differentiation between the petals and sepals hence known as tepals.
The stamens are shorter than the tepals. Chlorophytum tuberosum is widespread from Nigeria to Eastern Tropical Africa.
It is also found across central and southern India to Myanmar. Strengthens immunity — In asthma patients it boosts the energy. Pregnancy — The herb is used as nutritive tonic for fetus and mother both. The herb replenishes the fluids of body during parturition. Obesity — It controls and prevents obesity. It also helps in prevention of side-effects related to obesity. Leucorrhea — The herb is used in treatment of chronic leucorrhea and prevents premature ejaculation.
Safed Musli has very good Ayurvedic medicinal use. It is rich source of over 25 alkaloids, vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, steroid, seponins and polysaccharides etc. A number of Health tonics Sexual tonics are prepared from Safed Musli. Used for Sexual weakness, low libido, low sperm count etc. It is also found to be effective as a energetic one in cases of cough and asthma. Primarily used as a tonic and rejuvenative for the reproductive system. For premature ejaculation, impotence, low sperm count in men.
Also used in chronic leucorrhoea. Useful during pregnancy as a nutritive tonic for mother and fetus. Post-partum it replenishes lost fluids, prana, ojas and improves the quantity and flow of breast milk.
The wild collection of Chlorophytum tuberosum in Africa is likely to be minimal, and therefore not considered to be a threat there. However, C. Chlorophytum roots are usually collected before plants have reached maturity, thus hampering natural regeneration. Chlorophytum tuberosum is cultivated as an ornamental for its large, showy flowers. Its leaves and roots are edible. In India the roots are dried and used as a popular tonic and aphrodisiac in Ayurvedic medicine.
In northern Nigeria its tubers are crushed to produce a lotion used to treat guinea-worm. It is cooling, sweet and unctuous and reduce high Pitta inside the body. Pitta aggravation is responsible for bleeding disorders, acidity and burning sensation in body. It has anabolic effect on body and helps in weight gain and development of body muscles. It can be taken as body building supplement. Leaves The leaves are borne in a rosette and are linear-lanceolate, 10—50 cm long and 1—3 cm wide. Flowers The flowers are borne in a simple raceme with two flowers at each node.
Fruits The fruits are three-edged capsules containing seeds 2 mm in diameter. Diabetes — The herb is an effective cure for arthritis and diabetes. Consumption of this herb increases HDL or production of good cholesterol. Regular intake of the herb reduces hepatic lipid profiles and plasma. Nutritional and medicinal information Safed Musli has very good Ayurvedic medicinal use.
Harvesting and preserving The wild collection of Chlorophytum tuberosum in Africa is likely to be minimal, and therefore not considered to be a threat there. Other uses Chlorophytum tuberosum is cultivated as an ornamental for its large, showy flowers. It increases the lactation in the feeding mothers. It is useful in treatment of problem of white discharge. It cures knee pains within a week if taken daily with milk.
It is herbal and has no proven side effects when taken in recommended doses. It promotes balance or homeostasis. It increases alertness, mental ability, intelligence and sexual characters. It cures intestinal inflammation caused by dysentery and other reasons. It softens the stools and helps in constipation and piles.
It has diuretic action and gives relief in painful urination and bad odour of urine. It pacifies Vata and thus helps in Vata Rog such as rheumatism, joint pain etc. Digital Library Mushrooms 30 albums Wild edible plants 8 albums Bark 3 albums Flowers 6 albums Bombax ceiba 4 images Chlorophytum tuberosum Dillenia pentagyna 2 images Ensete superbum 1 image Holarrhena antidysenterica Wrightia tinctoria 3 images Fruits 18 albums Leaves 20 albums Pods 3 albums Seeds and Grains 7 albums Stem,Shoot and Stalk 2 albums Tubers,Roots and Rhizomes 6 albums.
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Chlorophytum tuberosum Baker belongs to family Liliaceae and is being used in the indigenous systems of medicine as a galactogogue and aphrodisiac. It is being sold in the market under the common name safed musali. The white tuberous roots of this plant are the medicinally useful parts. The tuberous roots of other species of Chlorophytum, Asparagus, Bombax and Orchids are also sometimes called safed musali leading to confusion.
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Chlorophytum tuberosum is one of several species of Chlorophytum used in Ayurvedic medicine, the traditional Hindu system of medicine. Safed musli, as it is known in Hindi, is a herb commonly found in forest patches in India, and is used in a tonic intended to give strength and vigour. The spider plant C. Widespread from Nigeria to eastern tropical Africa, and also found across central and southern India to Burma Myanmar. Chlorophytum tuberosum normally grows at up to 1, m above sea level, but has been found at the summit of the Travancore Range in India at 2, m above sea level. It occurs in woodland, bushland or grassland, often in degraded vegetation, and in India is also found in mixed forest. Its underground parts comprise a short rhizome, often surrounded by fibres, which bears swollen roots with dark tubers to up 7 cm long at their tips.