CAOS LA CREACIN DE UNA CIENCIA JAMES GLEICK PDF

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Physical phenomena in nature occur for some reasons, they follow specific patterns or laws, but can be predicted with a total certainty what the result will be? Depending on the phenomenon we could predict the exact outcome or have an uncertainty. It is even possible that the only thing we get is a probable value according to a statistical criterion. In the history of science we have gone through different stages. There was a time when all could be exactly predicted, being thus a deterministic period.

However the discovery of new phenomena led to think that it was impossible to know the exact result of such phenomena, thus appearing a non-deterministic stream of scientific thinking. Later, the study of non-linear dynamical systems led to a new field of study: the study of systems with a completely erratic and unpredictable behaviour, though in principle, their formulation can be deterministic. This field is known as chaos. The scientific determinism considers that, although the world is complex and unpredictable in many ways, it always evolves according to principles or rules that are totally determined, being chance something that only occurs apparently.

In the middle of the XIX century, determinism fell down piece by piece. There were two reasons for it. Firstly, it was needed a completely and detailed knowledge of the initial conditions of the system under study to introduce them in the equations providing the system evolution and get a result. Secondly, the dynamics of systems made of a large number of particles were very complex to solve.

This second reason was the one that made necessary to introduce concepts related to probability and statistics to solve the problems, giving as a result the creation of a new field of mechanics: statistical mechanics and thus a change in the scientific paradigm from a deterministic paradigm to a non-deterministic one. In the mind of many people, it is associated the indeterminism with quantum mechanics and determinisms with classical physics, but, as it was demonstrated by Noble prize Max Born, determinism in classical mechanics is not real because it is not possible to establish with an infinite accuracy the initial conditions of an experiment.

On another hand, Feynman, in his famous lectures , said that the indeterminism does not exclusively belong to quantum mechanics but it is a basic property of many systems. Almost all physical systems are dynamical systems, they are systems described by one or more variables that change with time.

There are dynamical systems that have a periodic behaviour ant other systems that do not have such behaviour. When the movement is not periodic, it depends on the initial conditions and it is unpredictable in long time intervals although it can be predictable in short time intervals it is said that the movement is chaotic. In other words, chaos is a type of movement that can be described by equations, some times very easy, and that is characterised by:.

Lorenz atractor. Does it not resemble the wings of a butterfly Source: Wikimedia Commons. One of the most famous cases in the study of these non-linear dynamical systems took place in when Edward Lorenz developed a model with three ordinary differential equations to describe the movement of a fluid under the action of a temperature gradient or in other words, he was studying the behaviour of the atmosphere Using a computer he searched for numerical solutions to the system and found that it was very sensitive to the initial conditions.

However, chaos is a very wide field gaining followers not only physicists and mathematicians, but also in other fields such as biology, genetics and neuroscience.

This interdisciplinary nature is amazing and shows how much some people can learn from others to make the science advance towards a greater knowledge of the world.

Deterministic nonperiodic flow. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. Volume Recibir nuevas entradas por email. In other words, chaos is a type of movement that can be described by equations, some times very easy, and that is characterised by: An irregular movement with time that has neither periodicities nor superposition of periodicities. It is unpredictable with time because it is very sensitive to the initial conditions. Does it not resemble the wings of a butterfly Source: Wikimedia Commons One of the most famous cases in the study of these non-linear dynamical systems took place in when Edward Lorenz developed a model with three ordinary differential equations to describe the movement of a fluid under the action of a temperature gradient or in other words, he was studying the behaviour of the atmosphere Using a computer he searched for numerical solutions to the system and found that it was very sensitive to the initial conditions.

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Physical phenomena in nature occur for some reasons, they follow specific patterns or laws, but can be predicted with a total certainty what the result will be? Depending on the phenomenon we could predict the exact outcome or have an uncertainty. It is even possible that the only thing we get is a probable value according to a statistical criterion. In the history of science we have gone through different stages.

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Caos. La creacion de una ciencia

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Caos: la creación de una ciencia

Larraya, Juan A. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works by Juan A. G Larraya. El libro de los muertos by Book of the dead Book 11 editions published between and in 3 languages and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide El Libro de los Muertos, una de las obras capitales de la literatura religiosa de todos los tiempos, constituye un documento de primera magnitud para adentrarse en el conocimiento de la religiosidad del antiguo pueblo egipcio. Religiones y creencias by Juan A.

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Larraya, Juan A. G.

Account Options Sign in. Top charts. New arrivals. James Gleick May 10, Acabada la lectura de Caos , no se ve el mundo con los mismos ojos. More by James Gleick See more.

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