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Click here to read and download the text in printable PDF format. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful, whose help we seek. All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. We say about the oneness of Allah, believing in the guidance of Allah, that Allah is one without any partner.
He has existed with His timeless attributes before His creation, which added nothing to His essence that was not already among His attributes. As His attributes were before creation, so will they continue forever. He has the quality of Lordship without requiring anything to Lord over, and the quality of being the Creator without requiring anything to create. Just as He resurrects the dead after they first had life, He deserved this name before He brought them to life. This is because He has power over all things and all things are in need of Him.
Every matter is easy for Him. Nothing was hidden from Him before He created them. He knew what they would do before He created them. Everything that occurs is according to His decree and will.
His will is always accomplished. The will of the servants is only what He wills for them. Whatever He wills for them comes to be, and whatever He does not will for them does not come to be. He guides whomever He wills. He protects them and secures them as grace.
He leads astray whomever He wills. He humiliates them and He puts them to trial as justice. Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, is His chosen servant, His selected prophet, and His messenger with whom He is well pleased. He is the seal of the prophets, the leader of the righteous, the master of the messengers, and the beloved of the Lord of worlds.
He has been sent to all of the jinn and the entirety of humanity with truth, guidance, light, and illumination. The Quran is the uncreated speech of Allah the Exalted. The Quran is the word of Allah. It originally came from Him, without ascribing modality to His speech. He sent it down upon His messenger as revelation.
The believers accept all of that as the truth. They are certain that it is the word of Allah the Exalted in reality. It is uncreated, unlike the speech of creatures. Whoever hears it and imagines that it is human speech has committed unbelief.
The attributes of Allah are unlike those of human beings. Whoever describes Allah with the same qualities as human beings has committed unbelief. Whoever grasps this will be careful and restrained from the likes of what is said by the unbelievers. He knows that the attributes of Allah are unlike those of human beings. The looking of the people of Paradise at their Lord without encompassing Him.
The vision of the people of Paradise is true, without being all-encompassing and without modality. The explanation of this is as Allah the Exalted intended and knows. Everything that has come in authentic narrations from the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, is as he said and it means what he intended.
For none is safe in his religion except those who surrender themselves to Allah Almighty and to His messenger, and relinquishes the knowledge of what is ambiguous to the One who knows it. For whoever wishes to know what is forbidden and is not satisfied with surrender, his understanding will be veiled from pure monotheism, clear gnosis, and sound faith. He will veer between unbelief and faith, confirmation and denial, acceptance and rejection.
Compulsive, disagreeable, doubtful, and deviant, he is not a true believer, nor a stubborn denier. Faith in the vision of the people of the Abode of Peace is not correct for those among them who express it as an illusion or who interpret it with his own limited understanding, as the correct interpretation of the vision, and the interpretation of every meaning related to the Lordship of Allah, is by abandoning interpretation and adhering to surrender.
This is the religion of the Muslims. Whoever does not guard himself from negating the attributes of Allah or likening Allah to something else has strayed and has not correctly understood the transcendence of Allah, for our Lord Almighty is described with the attributes of Oneness, qualified with the qualities of uniqueness.
He does not have the characteristics of any creature. He is Exalted above any limits, ends, supports, limbs, or tools. He is not contained by six directions like the rest of created things. The Night Journey and Ascension while the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was awake. The ascension to heaven is true. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was taken by night and ascended in person during wakefulness, to the heavens and then to whichever heights Allah willed for him. Allah blessed him and granted him peace in the Hereafter and in this world.
The covenant that Allah took from Adam and his progeny. Allah the Exalted has always known the number of those who would enter Paradise and the number of those who would enter Hellfire, a single allocation. This number will neither increase, nor decrease. Everyone is facilitated for what was created for him. Deeds are judged as they are at the end of life. Those who are blessed are blessed by the decree of Allah, and those who are damned are damned by the decree of Allah.
The basis of providence is that it is a secret of Allah the Exalted in His creation. It has not been shown to an angel near to Him, nor to a prophet He sent. Delving and investigating deeply into that is a cause of loss, a ladder to deprivation, and a degree of transgression. Thus, take extreme caution from that type of investigation, thinking, and insinuation.
Whoever asks why He did something has rejected the judgment of the Book, and whoever rejects the judgment of the Book is among the unbelievers.
This is the summary of what is needed by those who have enlightened hearts among the allies of Allah the Exalted. It is the degree of those rooted in knowledge, for knowledge in the creation is of two types: accessible knowledge and inaccessible knowledge. To deny accessible knowledge is unbelief, and to claim to know what is inaccessible is unbelief. Faith is only affirmed by accepting accessible knowledge and abandoning pursuit of inaccessible knowledge.
If all creation gathered against something Allah the Exalted had decreed on it to be, that they try to make it not exist, they would have no power to do so. If all of them gathered against something Allah had not decreed on it to be, that they try to bring it into existence, they would have no power to do so. The Pen has dried of what will be until the Day of Resurrection.
Whatever a person has missed, he would have never received. Whatever he received, he would have never missed. The servant must know that the knowledge of Allah of all that exists in His creation has already preceded. He measured all of that with precise measurement, judgment, and finality. There is nothing to reduce it, nor amend it, nor remove it, nor change it, nor divert it, nor decrease it, nor add to it.
Then woe to him whose heart becomes ill regarding providence. He has traversed the path of his delusions in investigating the Unseen, its secrets and hidden aspects. He ends up as a sinful liar due to what he said. He encompasses all things and He is above it, and what He has created is incapable of encompassing Him.
We say that Allah has taken Abraham, upon him be peace, as an intimate friend and that He spoke directly to Moses, faithfully, truthfully, and in surrender to Allah. Faith in the angels, the revealed books, and the messengers.
We have faith in the angels, the prophets, and the books revealed to the messengers. We testify that they were all upon the clear truth. We do not dispute over the Quran. We testify that it is the speech of the Lord of the worlds, sent down by the Trustworthy Spirit Angel Gabriel , who taught it to the master of the messengers, Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. It is the speech of Allah the Exalted, in no way equal to the speech of creatures. We do not claim it is His creation, nor do we oppose the united community of Muslims.
We do not excommunicate anyone who prays toward Mecca due to a sin, as long as he does not claim it to be lawful, nor do we say sins do not harm the faith of those who commit them. We hope that Allah will pardon the good-doers among the believers and admit them into Paradise by His mercy. We cannot guarantee it for them and we cannot testify that they will be in Paradise.
We seek forgiveness for the sinful, we fear for them, yet we do not despair over them. Guarantee or despair of entering Paradise both remove one from the religion of Islam. The way of truth is between them both regarding the people who pray towards Mecca. All of what is authentic from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, of the Law and clear teachings are true.
Faith is one and its people are equal by default. The virtue of some over others is due to the fear of Allah, righteousness, opposing lowly desires, and adherence to the most important matters. All believers are allies of the Most Merciful and the noblest of them to Allah are those who are most obedient and who best adhere to the Quran. Faith consists of belief in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the Last Day, and providence, its good and its evil.
By Shaykh Husain Kadodia. We have reproduced the piece in an article format with added contributions at the end from scholars and students who commented on it. The author restricted himself to what is required by a student, very rarely adding more than this, making it the most beneficial commentary for students. I managed to get a copy from Maktabah al-Azhar. His excuse when asked about it was that the dean of the institute refused to allow the book to be printed without the footnotes. The book was then edited by two Egyptians and printed by Darah al-Karaz of Cairo, correctly ascribed to al-Ghaznawi. Mufti Abdur Rahman Mangera and I read through this entire manuscript together and found it to be terrible.
Imam Abu Ja'far Ahmad bin Muhammad At-Tahawi, d. 321
With this in mind I began collecting notes from the various Arabic commentaries and collating them under the relevant points in the text. Although this translation was used as a starting point, many amendments were made to it as deemed appropriate. The commentary was essentially based on the available Arabic commentaries of the text with extensive reference to commentaries by the following scholars:. This brief commentary aims to maintain a considerable degree of simplicity, avoiding technical discussions that are not relevant to the average person.
Aqeeda Tahaawiyyah – Arabic Matn (Text) & Audio
There are a number of Muslim commentaries of the Tahawiyyah including ones by Isma'il ibn Ibrahim al-Shaybani d. It comprises key points that list the essential matters in the creed of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah [ citation needed ]. The texts raises many points of creed that are essential matters and defines the belief of the Sunni Muslim, covering the topics;. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Iman concept.