The general emergency signal is a signal used on board ships in times of emergency. The signal is composed of seven or more short blasts followed by one long blast on the ship's whistle and internal alarm system. Within 24 hours of embarkation of all passengers, the crew will conduct a mandatory muster drill in which the General Emergency Signal is sounded. The purpose of the drill is to educate passengers of emergency procedures should an actual emergency occur. The signal alerts passengers of an emergency so that they will begin proper procedures in which all persons collect their life jackets and proceed to their assigned muster stations.

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Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Conference proceedings. Welcoming Adresses. Pages Front Matter Pages The Rise of Catastrophes. Causes and Nature of Injuries in Air Accidents. Disaster at Sea. Manni, S. Puntillo, A. Possible Nuclear Disasters in War and Peace. Alarm Communication in a Train Accident.

Three Major Accidents. Pfeifer, H. Murday, J. Schulte am Esch. Intervention of the Civil Defense Medical Service. Immediate Reaction of the Health Service in a Disaster. A Mobile Hospital — Disaster Team. Graduated Response to the Requests for Medical Aid. Importance and Psychology of Triage Sorting.

A Disaster Plan for a District Hospital. Planning Principles for Medical Care in Catastrophes. Safar, R. Hingson, J. Vittani, Anderson, O. Chlorine Gas Poisoning. Dieterich, H. Helmer, J. Aircraft Crash on the Island of Mikines Faroes , Deployment of the Army in East Turkey Earthquake. About these proceedings Introduction F. Bauhofer, Geneva In disaster situations, the particular concern of WHO is not so much to offer immediate relief and assistance for affected communities, but to have ready prepared plans for the provision of primary medical care as well as for resuscitation and casualty services.

The Executive Board of the World Health Organization has defmed disasters or "emergencies", as situations where there are unforeseen, serious, and immediate threats to public health. Particularly severe disasters may be classified as catastrophes; such -occurrences, whether natural or man-made, disturb or overthrow the existing order. For planning purposes, it is important to distinguish between different types of catastrophes since they require special relief measures. In the past, medical assistance was primarily needed in epidemics of, for example, plague, cholera, and smallpox.

Today, health authorities face emergency problems brought about by major accidents and outbreaks of chemical pollution and poisoning, which may have long-term effects. Notfallmedizin Trauma care complications mortality surgery.

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Types and Events of Disasters Organization in Various Disaster Situations



General emergency signal


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